Women farmers are responsible for around 50% of the world food supply, most of them producing in the global South. They are also relevant holders of productive and reproductive assets for sustainable peasant livelihoods. At the same time, they suffer from lack of access to natural resources and food. The PhD candidate dicusses this problematic in the context of one mining environmental conflict (Minas-Rio system, in Brazil) which is part of a neo-extractivist approach onto Latin America, from the standpoints of Feminist Political Ecology and Agroecology.